The Mysterious Benedict Society
Protagonist/ Antagonist
Protagonist -  Reynie Muldoon
Motivation -  In the orphanage, Reynie was always picked on and didn't really have any friends.  He would always read books and keep to himself but eventually, someone would begin picking on him.  The bullying would have been worse but his tutor, Ms. Perumal, is there to help him through it.  Reynie is picked on because he is much smarter than all of the other kids and does not socialize with the other children in the orphanage.
Antagonist -  The bullies of the orphange
Motivation - 
In the orphanage, the bullies never pick on anybody else but Reynie because he is different.  The bullies are the antagonists because they are the ones who make Reynie think that he is weird and not important.  But once Reynie sees the ad in the newspaper for the test to evaluate his knowledge, everything changes and he knows that he is important and that he is not going to let anyone tell him that he is not.
Climax -  The climax of this novel is when Reynie and the other children, Kate, Sticky and Constance, agree to join the team of children who set out to accomplish Mr. Benedict's special mission.  Reynie was undecided about joining the team, but he was persuaded by his friends.  Once all the children agreed to be on the team, they would get the details from Mr. Benedict on what they had to do.
Outcome -  Reynie and his friends all join Mr. Benedict's team.  They all help each other to accomplish the mission they were given.  They do very well but also hit some rough spots on their travels.  They try to figure out what the true meaning of the mission is.  They soon realize that the mission will take them longer than they expected.  Their adventure continues throughout the next two books in the series.
Short Plot / Chapter Summary - This book is about a boy named Reynard Muldoon (Reynie) who reads an ad in the newspaper about gifted children looking for opportunities.  This article quickly gets his attention.  Reynie lives in an orphanage.  He has no friends but is close to his tutor, Ms.Perumal.  He is always getting bullied because he is different and very smart.  Reynie does not realize his true intellect, and he is persuaded by Ms. Perumal to attend the mind-bending tests at the Monk Building.  After Reynie survives the first two stages of the test and figures out the whole thing is a puzzle, he meets a boy named Stickey Washington and two girls named Kate Wetherall and Constance Contraire who help one another reach the last stages of the mind-bending tests.  They are soon asked if they would like to join a team to accomplish a secret mission, which is the story line of the remaining books in the series.